The Partition of Palestine - The Two State Solution implemented 92 Years ago
In 1920, After the San Remo Treaty of 1920 which adopted the Balfour Declaration of 1917 in reconstituting the Jewish State in its ancestral land. Great Britain was given the responsibility by the League of Nations to oversee the Mandate of Palestine over the geographical territory known as Palestine with the express intention of reconstituting within its whole territory a Jewish National Home.
The territory in question stretched from the Mediterranean Sea to the eastern boundary of Mandatory Palestine, which was a border that would separate it from what was to become the future state of Iraq.
The League of Nations created a number of articles, which were in line with the original intent of the Balfour Declaration of November 29th, 1917. At the last minute, however, in violation of the San Remo Treaty, a new article was introduced by the British Colonial Office: article number 25.
At first the sudden addition of this article was not a cause for alarm but gradually it became apparent that its inclusion directly enabled Great Britain in 1921 to tear away four fifths all the territory of geographical Mandate for Palestine, east of the River Jordan, and give it to the Arab Hashemite family; the territory to become Trans-Jordan and led by the emir Abdullah.
Britain presented this gift at the expense of the Jewish people to Abdullah, the son of the Sharif of Mecca, as a consolation prize for its awarding of the Hedjaz territory and Arabia, which included Mecca, to the rival Saud family: That vast territory is now Saudi Arabia.
British officials also claimed that the gift of Mandatory Palestine east of the Jordan River was in gratitude to the Hashemite's for their contribution in helping defeat the Turks. However, even T.S. Lawrence later described in derisory terms the Hashemite role as "a side show of a side show."
This was the first partition of Palestine depriving the Jewish people of four fifths of their allocated ancestral land and it created a brand new entity 92 years ago covering some 35,000 square miles or nearly four-fifths of the geographical territory of Jewish Palestine. Immediately Jewish residence in the territory was forbidden and it became in effect judenrein - the German term for the ethnic cleansing of Jews from a territory.
This betrayal by none other than Winston Churchill, the Colonial Secretary at the time, was a devastating blow to the Jewish people and their Zionist leadership, which now saw the promised Jewish homeland reduced to the remaining narrow territory between the Mediterranean Sea and the River Jordan - an area barely 50 miles at its widest.
Shortly after, in 1923, the British and French colonial powers also divided up the northern part of the Palestine Mandate. Britain stripped away the Golan Heights (ancient biblical Bashan) and gave it to French occupied Syria.
The Balfour Declaration issued by Lord Balfour, British Foreign Secretary, never envisaged of being cheated of their allocated territory and that the Jordan River would be the eastern boundary of the reconstituted Jewish homeland. Indeed, the Zionist leadership had put forward in February 1919 its first submission that the eastern boundary would run well east of the Hedjaz railway. The incorporation of the railway would be an economically essential requirement for the Jewish community living east of the River Jordan as well as providing it with vital security.
The squabbling by the French and British colonial powers over the final frontiers of the Palestine Mandate had earlier led the London Times to urge Paris to accept sensible and rational frontiers in both the north and east of Jewish Palestine. As early as September 19th, 1919 it had thundered in an editorial:
"The Jordan will not do as the eastern frontier of Palestine ... Palestine must have a good military frontier east of Jordan ... Our duty as Mandatory is to make Jewish Palestine not a struggling state but one that is capable of vigorous and independent life ... "
But Jewish aspirations inevitably were dashed as a new British Foreign Secretary, Lord Curzon, took the place of Lord Balfour. This new British official within weeks of succeeding Balfour made it clear that Britain was intent upon separating Trans-Jordan from Jewish Palestine: the first two-state solution.
The succeeding history of the remaining one fifth of the original territory promised to the Jewish people by Lord Balfour and the British government was one of continuing British betrayal as each successive Mandatory administration displayed pro-Arab and anti-Jewish policies. The British wanted control of the oil and the Jewish homeland was the scapegoat.
During its administration up until 1947, Britain severely restricted Jewish immigration and purchases of land, in direct violation of the terms of the Mandate for Palestine while turning a blind eye to massive illegal Arab immigration into the territory from neighboring Arab states. The leadership of the League of Nations was in the process of taking action against Britain for violating the Mandate. But than came the new entity that took over the United Nations and the second partition.
Britain's sorry record of appeasement of the Arabs, at the expense of Jewish destiny in the remaining territory, culminated in the infamous 1939 White Paper, which limited Jewish immigration to just 75,000 souls for the next five years. This onerous and draconian policy, coming as it did on the eve of the outbreak of World War II, was a death blow to millions of Jews attempting to flee extermination by Nazi Germany. This alone shows the complicity of England in the death of millions of Jewish souls. "Oil is thicker than Jewish blood".
Britain's mismanagement of the Mandate finally led to the United Nation's Partition Plan of 1947. The Jewish Agency having no alternative, reluctantly accepted this additional dismemberment of what was left in Mandatory Palestine of the promised Jewish National Home.
They did this in order to provide a refuge for the surviving Jewish remnants of the Holocaust and for the growing numbers of Jewish refugees being driven out of their homes throughout the Arab world, which eventually amounted to over a million Jewish people. In contrast, the Arab regimes rejected the Partition Plan. Then, as now, they worked against the existence of an independent Jewish state.
Israel was officially re-born as a sovereign nation in 1948 and its 650,000 Jews fought to survive the massive Arab onslaught, which was intended to wipe out the Jewish state. But their faith in the almighty sustained them and the withstood the onslaught , while losing additional territory including Eastern Jerusalem and the walled city .
In 1948, Trans-Jordan, renamed the Kingdom of Jordan since 1946, it had joined the other Arab nations in invading the newly formed Jewish state, illegally annexing the Biblical and ancestral Jewish heartland of Judea and Samaria and renaming it the West Bank. Only Britain and Pakistan recognized the annexation.
The war ended in tortuous armistice lines resulting in an Israeli temporary cease fire line a mere nine miles wide at the most densely populated area, which stretched from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordanian occupied West Bank. Israel's late Foreign Minister, Abba Eban, described these dangerously vulnerable armistice lines as the Auschwitz borders.
Nineteen years later the Arab states declared again their imminent intention to destroy Israel. In the June 1967 Six Day War Israel liberated Judea and Samaria from Jordan in a defensive war. Israel offered to give away the newly liberated West Bank to the Hashemite regime in Jordan and the Gaza Strip which formerly was also a Jewish land, to its erstwhile Egyptian occupiers in return for a full and lasting peace. But the Arab League, meeting in Khartoum in August, 1967, delivered the infamous three No's: No peace with Israel, no negotiations with Israel, no recognition of Israel. At no time in history has the vanquished called for the victor the terms.
It is within the narrow territory remaining for the Jewish state, if one includes Judea and Samaria, that the world now demands the establishment of yet another Arab state. Hamas controlled Gaza would be included in this future state to be called Arab-Palestine; a state which has never existed before by that name in all of recorded history - certainly not as an independent Arab state.
Gaza has already been given to the Arabs and they have turned it into a terror base from which they have launched a lethal missile blitz against Israel numbering to date over 25,000 rockets through August 2014.
Israeli leaders should never have accepted even one missile fired from Gaza at its citizens in southern Israel. To let thousands fall with relative impunity for so many years led the world to believe that it was acceptable. After all, if Israel wasn't interested in safeguarding its own civilians, why then should the world be. It was accepted as business as usual. Well, Israel responded in defense of its people and the world screamed. If the shoe was on the other foot, the world at large would have responded with ten times the force and more.
The Gaza Wars thus came as a surprise to the world community and, just as the Second Lebanon War, it was launched by Israeli leaders too late and ended too soon, leaving both Hamas in Gaza and Hezbollah in Lebanon free to wreak future havoc upon the Jewish state.
The disputed West Bank, which is the ancient biblical heartland of Israel, is now the territory U.S. Secretary of State, John Kerry, is pressuring Israel to give away to the Arabs who call themselves Palestinians. This is the present day so-called two - state solution and will dismember what is left of Israel and drive some 550,000 Jewish residents from their homes and farms. Why? Because just as in Jordan, Jews will not be permitted to live within Arab territory, while Arabs can remain free to live within Israel and cause violence, death and destruction.
It is instructive to remember that upon the granting of the Palestine Mandate to Great Britain, as trustee for the Jewish people, an eminent British celebrity and supporter of Zionism, Josiah Wedgwood, addressed a Jewish crowd of thousands at the Royal Albert Hall in London in which he urged the audience to stand up for Jewish rights in its homeland and object to the partitioning of Jewish ancestral land.
According to the late Shmuel Katz in his groundbreaking biography of the great Zionist leader, Vladimir Ze'ev Jabotinsky, titled The Lone Wolf, Wedgwood said:
"... This lesson I want the new Jewish nation to learn and to get by heart: Stand up for your rights and you survival. Let us have more of the spirit in the Jewish movement as my good and gallant friend Jabotinsky."
Sadly, Israeli governments have become notoriously fearful of rejecting outright the deadly trap inherent in the so called two-state solution. Their muted responses have merely encouraged world leaders to repeatedly breathe new life into the discredited plan. The searing tragedy is that the two-state solution may presage for the Jewish people another Final Solution. I state NEVER AGAIN.
Perhaps the Secretary of State prefers to remain oblivious to the stark fact that the Arabs, whom he embraces and who today call themselves Palestinians, are as committed as their parents and grandparents before them to promote hate and violence and destroy the Jewish state; whatever size or shape its borders. The fact is that this is not a dispute over borders; this is a religious war and the Arabs, so long as the overwhelming majority remain Muslim, will never accept the existence of a non-Muslim state in a territory previously conquered in the name of Allah - whatever the size or shape of its borders.
Only just recently, Muhammad Dahlan, speaking on behalf of Fattah and the Palestinian Authority, declared on PA TV that the PA will not recognize Israel and so did the Abbas with his Palestinian Authority and Mashaal with his Hamas (a recognized terrorist organization) -- one of the primary demands made upon the Palestinian Arabs in the Oslo Peace Accords. Indeed, Dahlan and other Arab representatives admitted that the only reason they meet with Israelis at all is in order to continue receiving the immense flow of international funds.
Is Mr. Kerry aware of this Arab charade? Or does he dismiss it and care not for the absence of a sincere and honest Palestinian Arab peace partner and the inevitable plight of the half a million plus Jewish residents who will become displaced refugees by enacting the next Arab fantasy of a two-state solution. Perhaps he cares little for the resulting takeover of Judea and Samaria by Hamas and the inevitable missile blitz that will be launched by the Palestinian Arabs upon the rest of Israel. This approach is pure suicide for the State of Israel.
Incidentally, what irony when the homes of Peace Now members living in Tel Aviv become daily targets of missiles launched from the very areas they campaign for their fellow Jews to be expelled from and from the recent conflict with Gaza.
One wonders if Secretary Kerry knows that ninety two years ago an original two-state solution was enacted in infamy. If he does, it is unlikely that he cares - anymore than the rest of the Obama Administration or the State Department cares.
And what of those Jewish Americans who serve the Secretary and sadly will be in the forefront of destroying Jewish patrimony in the Land of Israel. Will they have a conscience or feel shame for the calamity they create? I think not.
The Jewish people throughout history have withstood pogroms, persecution and calamities. With the help of the almighty we will overcome today's International harassment of Israel and its people.