The founding principles of Jewish Constitutional law were already incorporated in the 1920 San Remo agreement of the Allied Principal War Powers of WWI, in a trust agreement agreed to in that document entitled The Palestine Mandate. These principles are a part of International Law. This decision confirmed by the 1920 treaty of Sevres and Lausanne including the acknowledgement by the Arabs in the 1919 Faisal Weizmann Agreement and it was incorporated and approved in 1922 by some 52 states, including the United States. The law currently proposed would not change them. They recognized the collective political rights (national rights) to Palestine as belonging to the Jewish People who had the best claim to self-determination. They rejected the competing claim of the Arab People for these collective political or national rights made by the Arabs at the Paris Peace Talks of 1919. These are the rights to establish a government and administer it. However they gave individual political (civil rights) rights to all. That wouldn't change under the proposed new law. In 1920 the Jews did not have a population majority in Palestine. The Allies didn't want to place an antidemocratic government in power so they agreed to place the collective political rights in a trust in which Britain would be the trustee until such time as the Jews brought in a majority population from the Diaspora and they had the capability of exercising sovereignty. That happened in 1948 for a large part of Palestine. When they gained control over the remaining territory in 1967, legal dominion over the remainder of the political rights vested and the Jewish People became entitled to establish a government and administer it in all of the mandate. Until 1948 Jews had only the right to settle in all Palestine west of the Jordan River and were only beneficiaries of the collective political rights.
Some argue that it is unfair to give Arabs residing in Palestine only individual political rights while the Jews get both individual and also collective political rights. How can that be unfair? The Arabs have collective political rights in 22 states with almost 500 times the area of Israel and the Jews in only one. In most of those state women have no individual political rights and in many Jews have none whatsoever. In Israel each citizen is entitled to one vote. SSRN.com/abstract=2385304
The Inquiry Commission advisors to President Woodrow Wilson established by the President in order to draft a map of the world based on the Fourteen Points, affirmed the right of the Jewish people that Palestine should become a Jewish State clearly on the ground that the Jews deserved self-determination in Palestine. Palestine, the commission said, was "the cradle and home of their vital race", the basis of the Jewish spiritual contribution, and the Jews were "the only people whose only home was in Palestine"… That hasn't changed.
No Jew has the right to yield the rights of the Jewish People in Israel -
David Ben Gurion
(David Ben-Gurion was the first Prime Minister of Israel and widely hailed as the State's main founder).
"No Jew has the right to yield the rights of the Jewish People in Israel.
No Jew has the authority to do so.
No Jewish body has the authority to do so.
Not even the entire Jewish People alive today has the right to yield any part of Israel.
It is the right of the Jewish People over the generations, a right that under
no conditions can be cancelled.
Even if Jews during a specific period proclaim they are relinquishing this right, they have neither the power nor the authority to deny it to future generations.
No concession of this type is binding or obligates the Jewish People. Our right to the country - the entire country - exists as an eternal right, and we shall not yield this historic right until its full and complete redemption is realized."
(David Ben Gurion, Zionist Congress, Basel, Switzerland, 1937.)
"No country in the world exists today by virtue of its 'right'.
All countries exist today by virtue of their ability to defend themselves against those who seek their destruction."
“Man can live about forty days without food, about three days without water, about eight minutes without air, but only for one second without hope”
Israel/ Palestine timeline 1000 BC 0 100 AD 300 AD 2 00 AD 4 00 AD 5 00 AD 6 00 AD 7 00 AD 8 00 AD 9 00 AD 1000 AD 1100 AD 1200 AD 1300 AD 1400 AD 1000 B.C. Israelites conquer and occupy Canaan. 63 B.C. Romans capture Jerusalem. Becomes part of the Roman Empire. Later renamed Palestine. 70 A.D. Jewish rebellion – Romans destroy Jerusalem. Diaspora = Jews disperse around the world. 313 A.D. Roman emperor Constantine declares Christianity the official religion. 570 A.D. Prophet Mohammed born in Mecca.
Israel/ Palestine timeline 1000 BC 0 100 AD 300 AD 2 00 AD 4 00 AD 5 00 AD 6 00 AD 7 00 AD 8 00 AD 9 00 AD 1000 AD 1100 AD 1200 AD 1300 AD 1400 AD 631 A.D. Arabs capture Palestine. 1099 A.D. Crusaders capture Jerusalem from the Arabs. Egypt captures Jerusalem.
Israel/ Palestine timeline 1500 1880 1910 1930 1920 1940 1950 1960 1517 Ottoman Turks ruled Palestine until 1917. They allowed the Jews to resettle in Palestine. 1881 Hebrew becomes the national language of Palestine. 1880’s (Zionist Movement) Jews return to the Holy Land. 1917 “British Balfour” Jewish people have a right to a national home in Palestine. 1933 Hitler comes to power in Germany . Jews come to Palestine from Russia, Poland, and Germany. Increased riots between Jews and Arabs.
Israel/ Palestine timeline 1500 1880 1910 1930 1920 1940 1950 1960 1939 British restrict Jewish immigration into Palestine. 1944 Jews can only come to Palestine with Arab’s permission. 1947 U.N. agrees to create a Jewish state in Palestine. Civil war results. 1948 Great Britain gives up its control of Palestine. 1948 State of Israel announced. Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Jordan , and Lebanon attack. Israel wins!
Israel/ Palestine timeline 1500 1880 1910 1930 1920 1940 1950 1960 1956 War with Egypt. U.N. peacekeeping troops until 1967. 1967 U.N. troops leave. Israel attacks Egypt and takes over the Gaza Strip, Sinai, Golan Heights and West Bank. 1967 Golan Heights is an important barrier against attack by Syria. 1967 Arab countries vow “No peace with Israel.”
Israel/ Palestine timeline 1970 1975 1980 1990 1985 1995 1996 1997 1972 Massacre of Israeli athletes at the Olympics. 1973 Egypt and Syria attack Israel on Yom Kippur. 1977 U.S. President Jimmy Carter gets Israelis and Arabs to compromise on some issues. 1979 Peace treaty between Egypt and Israel. 1982 Israel pulls out of Sinai.
Israel/ Palestine timeline 1970 1975 1980 1990 1985 1995 1996 1997 1987 The “INTIFADA” (uprising) begins in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Palestinians demand their own Palestinian state. Lasts seven years. 1991 Peace talks = 1st time Palestinian Arabs and Israelis sat down face to face. Palestinian Authority becomes responsible for Gaza. 1993 Israeli Prime Minister Rabin and PLO leader Arafat have historic handshake in the U.S. sets off positive events. 1994 Jordan/Israel sign peace treaty. Syria begins peace talks.
Israel/ Palestine timeline 1970 1975 1980 1990 1985 1995 1996 1997 1995 Rabin assassinated by militant Jewish student. Until 1996, Palestinian – Muslim extremist groups continue terrorist attacks in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv.
Israel/ Palestine timeline 1998 1999 2000 2002 2001 2003 2004 2005 1998 Representatives of Israel, the Palestinians, and Jordan meet with Clinton to talk peace. Agreed: Palestinian Authority to dismantle terrorist groups. Israelis give up some of the West Bank. 2000 Peace Difficulty: Arafat’s goal is to create a homeland for the Palestinian people. Problem is that they both want the area around Jerusalem. Muslim and Jewish uprising in the West Bank. Clinton is unable to negotiate peace. 2002 Violence and fighting continue in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. 2004 Fighting and terrorism continue in the area.
Arab-Israeli Conflict: Basic Facts
A must see movie on World War III - Global Jihad of Islam against the Civilized World
PowerPoint slide show with vivid pictures: Education of Arab Palestinian children.
Large file (700 K). Click only if you have a fast connection.
NEW BOOK: The Case for a Larger Israel.
- Arab countries versus Israel - Table
- Role of Religion in the Arab-Israeli Conflict
- Holy Places
- Is improving economic conditions for Palestinian Arabs conducive to Peace?
- Other resources about the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Arab countries versus Israel
Maps of Arab countries (green) and Israel (red).
Note that Israel is like a tiny island in a sea of Arab countries.
Also see maps comparing size of Israel with those of Arab countries.
The Arab nations are represented by 21 separate countries (see Table). There is only one Jewish nation with a tiny country, Israel. The combined territories of Arab countries is 650 fold greater than Israel (see map above comparing size of Israel versus those of Arab countries). Their population is 50 fold greater than Israel. The average per capita GDP in Arab countries is $3,700 versus $18,000 for Israel. This despite the fact that many Arab countries have world's richest oil resources.
|Arabs > Israel
|Arabs > Israel
Figures in the table were compiled from The World Fact Book.
The Arab nations initiated four wars against Israel:
- 1948 War of Independence
- 1956 Sinai War
- 1967 Six Day War
- 1973 Yom Kippur War
Israel defended itself each time and won. After each war Israeli army withdrew from most of the areas it captured (see maps). (see Camp-David Accords). This is unprecedented in World history and shows Israel's willingness to reach peace even at the risk of fighting for its very existence each time anew.
If the Arabs (Moslems) put down their weapons today there would be no more violence. If the Israelis put down their weapons today there would be no more Israel.
Think about it...
Quote from Charles Krauthammer - The Weekly Standard, May 11, 1998
"Israel is the very embodiment of Jewish continuity: It is the only nation on earth that inhabits the same land, bears the same name, speaks the same language, and worships the same God that it did 3,000 years ago. You dig the soil and you find pottery from Davidic times, coins from Bar Kokhba, and 2,000-year-old scrolls written in a script remarkably like the one that today advertises ice cream at the corner candy store."
Israel became a nation about 1300 BCE, two thousand years before the rise of Islam. The people of modern day Israel share the same language and culture shaped by the Jewish heritage and religion passed through generations starting with the founding father Abraham. Since the Jewish conquest in 1272 BCE, the Jews have had dominion over the land for one thousand years with a continuous presence in the land for the past 3,300 years.
After the Romans conquered Jerusalem about 2,000 years ago, Jewish people were expelled and dispersed to the Diaspora, and the Land of Israel was ruled by Rome, by Islamic and Christian crusaders, by the Ottoman Empire, and by the British Empire.
Throughout centuries Jews prayed to return from the Diaspora to Israel. During the first half of the 20th century there were major waves of immigration of Jews back to Israel from the Arab countries and from Europe. In 1948 Jews reestablished their sovereignty over their ancient homeland with the establishment of the modern State of Israel.
It was only after the Jews re-inhabited their historic homeland of Judea and Samaria, that the myth of a Palestinian nation was created and marketed worldwide. Jews come from Judea, not Palestinians. There is no language known as Palestinian, or any Palestinian culture distinct from that of all the Arabs in the area. There has never been a land known as Palestine governed by Palestinians. Palestinians are Arabs indistinguishable from Arabs throughout the Middle East. The Palestinian National Charter adopted by the PLO states this fact in the first article (See the covenant)
The area called Palestine included the territories of present day Israel and Jordan. Under Lausanne agreement of 1923 Turkey transferred all claims to Palestine to mandatory power Britain. In 1922 Britain allocated nearly 80% of Palestine to Transjordan. In 1947 UN partitioned this remaining land into two states, a second Arab state, Palestine, and Israel. The great majority of Arabs in greater Palestine and Israel share the same culture, language and religion. The Arabs in the area began identifying themselves as part of a Palestinian people in 1967, two decades after the establishment of the modern State of Israel. Virtually all the Arabs in Judea, Samaria and Gaza in the West Bank of Jordan River have complete autonomy under the rule of the Palestinian Authority.
See: The History and Meaning of "Palestine" and "Palestinians"
For over 3,300 years, Jerusalem has been the Jewish capital. Jerusalem has never been the capital of any Arab or Muslim entity. Even when the Jordanians occupied Jerusalem (1948-1967), they never sought to make it their capital, and Arab leaders did not come to visit.
In the Jewish Bible, Jerusalem is mentioned over 669 times and Zion (which usually means Jerusalem, sometimes the Land of Israel) 154 times, or 823 times. The Christian Bible mentions Jerusalem 154 times and Zion 7 times. Jerusalem is not mentioned once in the Koran. Jerusalem is also not mentioned in the Palestinian Covenant.
King David established the city of Jerusalem as the capital of the whole Land of Israel. Mohammed never came to Jerusalem. Jerusalem remained under Turkish Ottoman Empire rule from 1517 to 1917, and under British rule from 1917 to 1948.
Arab and Jewish Refugees
The UN partition plan of 1947 was rejected outright by all the Arab countries, Thus the UN recommendation for partition of Palestine is meaningless, in order for it to be valid it has to be accepted by all parties. Arab leadership in Israel and in the countries surrounding Israel, planned a Jihad, holy war, against Israel and encouraged the Arabs to leave Israel promising their return after they purge the land of Jews. The great majority of Arabs left without ever seeing an Israeli soldier (see article and Arab sources that describe what happened during the war of 1948 that caused the Palestinian refugee problem).
During 1940's through 1950's nearly ALL the Jews had to flee from Arab countries to avoid persecution and pogroms. The number of Jewish refugees from Arab countries is estimated to be a million. This number is greater than the number of Arab refugees who left Israel in 1948, estimated as 343,000 (see Peters' book cited below).
Most of the Jewish refugees from Arab countries rapidly integrated into the modern society of Israel. This, despite the fact that Israel is a tiny country (about size of New Jersey) without any of the world's richest resources of petroleum in Arab countries. Today, the majority of the people in Israel are the descendants of Jews from Arab countries. (European Jews and their descendants constitute less than half the population of Israel).
The development of the Jewish community under British mandate led to economic growth in the region providing job opportunities for Arab workers. Consequently, the Arab population of Palestine swelled by the influx of Arab immigrants from Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, and other Arab countries until 1947 (The trend of Arab migration into Israel to find a job continues to the present day). While the British forces limited Jewish immigration, they allowed free entry of Arab migrants. The UN agency UNRWA defined a "Palestinian refugee", as any Arab who stayed in the country for two years prior to 1948. Thus, UNRWA included in their statistics migrant workers greatly swelling the ranks of so called "Palestinian refugees" (for best reference on the subject see: From Time Immemorial: The Origins of the Arab-Jewish Conflict over Palestine by Joan Peters).
Arab refugee problem was created by the seven Arab countries that attacked Israel in 1948. Arab refugees were intentionally not integrated into the Arab lands to which they fled, despite the fact total territory of Arab countries is about 700 times greater than that of Israel. Out of about 100,000,000 refugees since World War II, theirs is the only refugee group in the world that has not been absorbed into their own peoples' lands. Arab nations still maintain generations of the descendants of the refugees in so called "refugee camps" under squalid conditions with the hope that someday they will dislodge the Jews in Israel. The money spent by the Arab countries on armaments would be sufficient to build houses for all so called "refugees". Arab countries should be encouraged to care for their poor population instead of spending their richest resources in the world on armaments and development of terrorist groups such as Osama Bin Laden from Saudi Arabia.
Since 1948, after three generations the descendants of the Arab refugees are still called "refugees" and are supported by UN "refugee" funds! With the highest birth rate in Arab countries this population has now grown to about four million. In negotiations, Arab leadership requests the "right of return" of this mass of millions into the tiny land of Israel. The settlement of millions of Arabs in Israel would immediately eliminate Israel as a Jewish state. This is the real aim of the Arab countries, to achieve by supposedly "peaceful" means what they could not achieve by unceasing violence in whole scale wars and daily terrorism.
The responsibility for keeping the Arab population who are descendants of the Arab refugees, rests only on the shoulders of the Arab countries that created the problem by attacking Israel in 1948.
Quote from Ralph Galloway, a former head of the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), in Amman, capital of Jordan, in August 1958:
"The Arab states do not want to solve the refugee problem. They want to keep it as open sore, as an affront to the United Nations and as a weapon against Israel. Arab leaders don't give a damn whether the refugees live or die."
The Temple Mount in Jerusalem is the holiest site for Jews. It was the site of the Beit HaMikdash ("Temple") built by King Solomon (950 BCE), which was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar (587 BCE), rebuilt in 541 BCE, and then destroyed again by the Roman army in 70 CE leading to the exile of Jews from Israel. Al Aqsa Mosque and Shrine Of Omar were built at the site of the ancient Jewish temples. The Arabic name for Jerusalem "el-KuDS" is derived from the Arabic name "BeT el-MaKDeS", a translation of the Hebrew "BeiT ha-MiKDaSH", the name of the Jewish Temple (see articles).
Under Jordanian rule, Jewish holy sites were desecrated and the Jews were denied access to places of worship. Under Israeli rule, all Muslim and Christian sites have been preserved and made accessible to people of all faiths. Arabs recently burnt the Tomb of Joseph and the ancient synagogue in Jericho (see pictures). To this days Arab Waqf in control of the Temple Mount does not allow Jews to pray in the Temple Mount. Jews pray facing Jerusalem as the location of the Beit Hamikdash. Muslims pray facing their holy city Mecca with their backs toward Jerusalem. Throughout the ages the Arabs have ignored The Temple Mount and renewed interest only recently because of their political exigencies and not religious history (see pictures and articles).
U.N. Record on Israel and the Arabs
Of the 175 United Nations Security Council resolutions passed before 1990, 97 were directed against Israel. Of the 690 General Assembly resolutions voted on before 1990, 429 were directed against Israel. The U.N. was silent while 58 Jerusalem synagogues were destroyed by the Jordanians. The U.N. was silent while the Jordanians destroyed 58 Jerusalem Synagogues and systematically desecrated the ancient Jewish cemetery on the Mount of Olives. The U.N. was silent while the Jordanians prevented Jews from visiting the Temple Mount and the Western Wall.
This anti-Israel stance of the UN is a natural consequence of its membership structure. 21 members of the UN are Arab countries, and 52 members represent Islamic countries. Since the Arab Israeli conflict is represented as a religious conflict (see article) Israel as the only Jewish state has no chance for a fair hearing in the UN.
Oslo accords and "Peace Process"
The Oslo "Peace" accords have not brought peace. The number of terror attacks against Israel and the number of Israelis killed by Arab terror bombings greatly escalated after Oslo to a level that has not been seen since 1948 (see statistics). The Palestinian Authority has repeatedly violated all aspects of the agreement (see full report of violations).
Recent armed violence by the army of Arafat confirm the predictions that this agreement would escalate the conflict rather than subdue it (see article). In the history there are many examples of international "peace agreements" that were rapidly followed by major wars. A well known relevant case is the Munich agreement signed by Chamberlain from Great Britain and Hitler from Germany in 1938, which was rapidly revoked by Hitler as German armies invaded Czechoslovakia in 1939.
The P.L.O.'s Charter still calls for the destruction of the State of Israel. Fatah Constitution that is adopted as the unofficial constitution of the Palestinian Authority also calls for the destruction of the Jewish State in most of its clauses.
One of primary means to promote peace between nations is the educational system. In Israeli high schools Arabic is taught as one of required languages. Special educational programs greatly emphasize the need for peaceful coexistence with Israel's Arab neighbors. In contrast, textbooks used in Palestinian Authority schools portray Jews and Israelis in most derogatory and hateful terms (see reports). In summer camps and kindergartens, Palestinian Arab children undergo paramilitary training against Israel. Some Arab Institutions and parents train children at an early age as suicide bombers, See video). This educational atmosphere makes peace impossible in this generation, and plants the seeds of hatred among the coming generations of Arab children as well.
The Portrayal of Israel and of the Jew in the Palestinian Authority School Textbooks
Is improving economic conditions for Palestinian Arabs conducive to peace?
No, the opposite is true! A landmark study on the subject indicates that the prerequisite for Peace-seeking is not better economic conditions but rather democratic forms of government. Since most Arab countries are far removed from multi-party democracy (see table above), the conditions are not ripe for overall peace in the Middle East. The study concludes that "making inherently aggressive dictatorships of the region more prosperous will not make them more pacific only more powerful" and more willing to pursue armed violence (see article). This is true not only for conflict with Israel but for Intra-Arab conflicts as well (see most recent examples of Iran-Iraq war, Gulf War, etc.).
One of the assumptions of the "Oslo Peace Process" was that it would increase stability by improving the economic conditions for the Arabs of the region. Ironically, since the establishment of the Palestinian Authority (P.A.) the per capita GDP among the P.A. Arabs dropped from $3,500 in 1987 to around $1,000 in 1999. There are many factors responsible for this drop, prominent among them is the corruption of the P.A.
Other resources about the Arab-Israeli Conflict
"In Israel; We have to undue and reverse the decades of nonsense that the peace industry has fermented, which led us to the position where the world thinks we the Jews are occupiers in our own ancestral land.
If something is false and it is repeated enough times it becomes sort of common wisdom.
We have to undo that."
What Is A True Jewish Leader?
The Torah (The Old Testament - Jewish Bible) clearly expresses the true character traits necessary for leaders of the nation. It is not great rhetorical skills that helps a person succeed in leading "The Nation of Israel". The gift of self-expression is not a necessary component in the skill set of national leaders.
A Jewish leader is one who is meant to represent the nation as a whole, externally and internally. Expressive ability is no more than an impressive external trait that occasionally has the power to cover an internal void. That is not what sets apart the leader of the Jewish nation. A Jewish leader must have the ability to withstand external pressures and protect his people and the Jewish nation at all times.
The Jewish nation that appeared on the stage of history thousands of years ago did not begin as a nation with an impressive external appearance. On the contrary for long periods the Jewish people lacked military and political capabilities. However, since its inception, the Jewish nation has represented a huge world of moral, ethical and just values. Values which the entire world learned, some more and some less, and spread to cultures everywhere throughout the world .
A leader of the Jewish nation is not meant to stand out as having an impressive external appearance but, rather, a significant internal appearance that also expresses the special characteristics of Jewish culture and humility. Moses (Moshe in Hebrew) was “heavy of mouth and heavy of tongue” yet he led the Jewish people out of Egypt following hundreds of years of slavery and oppression. Moses was the one who led the Jewish people during their exodus from Egypt and were attacked by various nations. Hence, the Jewish people had to learn how to defend themselves and thus, with the help of the almighty were victorious. The Jewish nation’s first leader Moses signaled to us by example with his presence and leadership, the correct path and the worthy considerations which should guide us as we choose our nation’s leadership.
A true leader of Israel has to lead from a platform of absolute faith. He cannot be a politician, only. He has to embrace the history of the Jewish people and Israel. A leader of the Jewish nation has to understand what the Jewish people had to endure for thousands of years and still endure today to survive.
A true leader must act from a foundation of humility and perseverance. Understanding the welfare of Israel and the Jewish people should be the foremost reason before any action is taken. The leader must lead by action and example -- not by rhetoric.
A faithful Jewish leader must be one who will not compromise Jewish values.
A true leader has to have a vision, fortitude and determination to overcome internal and external obstacles!
A true leader must stand relentlessly behind the defenders and supporters of Israel.
Almighty G-d, You have given us this good land for our heritage. We humbly ask You that we may always prove ourselves a people mindful of Your favor and glad to do Your will. Bless our land with honorable endeavor, sound learning and pure manners. Save us from violence, discord, and confusion, from pride and arrogance, and from every evil way. Defend our liberties and fashion into one united people the multitude brought here out of many nations and tongues. Endow with the Spirit of wisdom those to whom in Your Name we entrust authority of government, that there may be justice and peace at home, and that through obedience to Your law we may show forth Your praise among the nations on earth. In time of prosperity fill our hearts with thankfulness, and in the day of trouble do not allow our trust in You to fail. Amen.